Medically reviewed by C. Fookes, BPharm. Last updated on May 15, Diuretics also called water pills or fluid pills are medicines that increase the amount of urine you produce.Chapter 4 test algebra 2 answers
Not only does this relieve symptoms such as ankle swellingit also helps to lower blood pressure. There are several different classes of diuretics, including carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, and thiazide diuretics. Each type works in a distinct way and in different parts of the kidney cell called a nephron. Diuretics are used to treat conditions that have fluid retention also called edema as a symptom, such as heart failurekidney failure and cirrhosis of the liver.
They are also effective at reducing blood pressure and some such as thiazides and loop diuretics are used in the treatment of high blood pressure hypertension. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are mainly used in the treatment of glaucoma and are sometimes used off-label for altitude sickness. Each class of diuretic works in a different way to remove salt and water from the kidney, which means they have different potencies and different side effects.
Below, we have grouped the most common diuretics into their respective classes. This decreases the amount of sodium reabsorbed back into the body, which results in more fluid being passed as urine. Thiazides are relatively weak diuretics.
They are potent diuretics. Potassium-sparing diuretics interfere with the sodium-potassium exchange in the distal convoluted tubule of a kidney cell. Some block the aldosterone receptor. Aldosterone is a hormone that promotes the retention of sodium and water. They are relatively weak diuretics; however, they do not cause hypokalemia low potassium levels but may cause hyperkalemia high potassium levelsespecially if they are used with other agents that also retain potassium, such as ACE inhibitors.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors act by increasing the amount of bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, and water excreted from the kidney. They are relatively weak diuretics. They also reduce fluid levels in the eye and may be used to treat glaucoma and are sometimes used off-label to treat altitude sickness. When taken at the recommended dosage, diuretics are considered safe. However, they have been associated with several serious adverse effects including:.
Side effects vary depending on the type of diuretic taken: however, the more common side effects of diuretics include:. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
More drug approvals. Skip to Content. Diuretics Medically reviewed by C. What are Diuretics? What are diuretics used for? What are the differences between diuretics? Generic name Brand name examples bendroflumethiazide Only available in the U. Generic name Brand name examples ethacrynic acid EdecrinSodium Edecrin bumetanide Bumex furosemide Lasix torsemide Demadex Potassium-Sparing Diuretics Potassium-sparing diuretics interfere with the sodium-potassium exchange in the distal convoluted tubule of a kidney cell.Thiazide diuretics are a type of diuretic a drug that increases urine flow.
Thiazides decrease sodium reabsorption which increases fluid loss in urine, which in turn decreases extracellular fluid and plasma volume. This reduces cardiac output how hard the heart has to work to pump blood around the body and lowers blood pressure.Venky mama full movie
Thiazides also work in other ways to lower blood pressure. Thiazides also cause potassium loss while retaining calcium. Thiazides are usually used for their blood pressure lowering effects because their diuretic activity is relatively weak compared to some other types of diuretic such as loop diuretics.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
More drug approvals. Skip to Content.
Thiazide diuretics What are Thiazide diuretics? Drug Name Reviews Avg. Ratings Lozol Pro Generic name: indapamide 0 reviews. Recently Approved.
Lupkynis Lupkynis voclosporin is a calcineurin-inhibitor immunosuppressant indicated Cabenuva Cabenuva cabotegravir and rilpivirine is a long-acting, injectable regimen of Verquvo Verquvo vericiguat is a soluble guanylate cyclase sGC stimulator indicated Gemtesa Gemtesa vibegron is a once-daily beta-3 adrenergic agonist indicated for the Subscribe to our newsletters.
Other conditions that may be treated with diuretics include diabetes insipidus, polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOSkidney stonesmale-pattern baldness in women, and osteoporosis.
There are several different classes of diuretics, each of which works differently in the kidneys to help rid the body of extra water and salt. Don't take diuretics if you have trouble urinating, or if you're allergic to the active or inactive ingredients found in the medication. Many drugs can interact with diuretics, but double-check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure you're not taking more than one diuretic at a time unless your doctor has told you otherwise.
Don't take loop diuretics if you're taking Tikosyn dofetilide. Make sure your potassium is carefully monitored if you're using digoxin and a loop or thiazide diuretic. Dosages of insulin and oral diabetes medications may need to be adjusted while using diuretics. Ask your doctor about diuretics if you're taking the mood stabilizer Lithobid lithiumor if you're taking any medication that may lead you to feel dehydrated.
Find out how they work and when you might need them.Jd 4045 timing
Diuretics, sometimes called water pills, help rid your body of salt sodium and water. Most of them help your kidneys release more sodium into your urine.
The sodium takes with it water from your blood, decreasing the amount of fluid flowing through your veins and arteries. This reduces blood pressure. Each type affects a different part of your kidneys. Some pills combine more than one type of diuretic or combine a diuretic with another blood pressure medication. If diuretics aren't enough to lower your blood pressure, your doctor might add other blood pressure medications to your treatment plan. Diuretics can also affect blood potassium levels.
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Sign up now.Diuretic medications fall into several different categories, each of which working in a different way. These categories are carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, thiazide diuretics and miscellaneous diuretics. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are diuretics that increase the amount of bicarbonate that the body excretes in the urine. This leads to an increased flow of urine, as stated by Drugs.
Loop diuretics prevent the kidneys from reabsorbing sodium and chloride ions, leading to increased production of urine, according to Drugs. Brand names of loop diuretics include Bumex, Demadex, Lasix and Edecrin.
What Is a Diuretic?
Potassium-sparing diuretics interfere with the exchange of sodium and potassium in the kidneys, as stated by Drugs. Brand names of potassium-sparing diuretics include Dyrenium, Aldactone and Midamor. Thiazide diuretics decrease reabsorption of sodium and chloride via a different mechanism to loop diuretics. Diuretics that don't fall into any of these categories are miscellaneous diuretics.
More From Reference. A Summary of Roe v.Diuretics are medicines that increase urine flow cause diuresis. This reduces or abolishes sodium, chloride, and potassium reabsorption, leading to increased loss of sodium, chloride, and potassium into the nephron the functional unit of a kidney.
As a result, water is also drawn into the nephron and urine volume increases. Loop diuretics also reduce the reabsorption of calcium and magnesium. Loop diuretics are used in the treatment of edema due to heart failureliver disease and kidney disease. They may also be used to treat high blood pressure. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
More drug approvals. Skip to Content.How to remember drug names easily
Loop diuretics What are Loop diuretics? Drug Name Reviews Avg. Ratings Bumex Pro Generic name: bumetanide 7 reviews. Recently Approved. Lupkynis Lupkynis voclosporin is a calcineurin-inhibitor immunosuppressant indicated Cabenuva Cabenuva cabotegravir and rilpivirine is a long-acting, injectable regimen of Verquvo Verquvo vericiguat is a soluble guanylate cyclase sGC stimulator indicated Gemtesa Gemtesa vibegron is a once-daily beta-3 adrenergic agonist indicated for the Subscribe to our newsletters.
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